(Version of May 10, 2012)                                                                                                                                        
   
Brown/Browne/Braun DNA Study: Marker Values for Groups No. 100 thru 109    
   
Click here for other Groups    
   
The members of each relationship group below (Groups No. 100 through No. 115) are likely as a rule to share common Brown ancestors with fellow group members inside a "genealogical" time frame, that is, approximately since the widespread introduction of surnames in western Europe during the 15th century.  
   
   
These groupings are strictly tentative, however, and they will necessarily be revised from time to time. What's more, the identification of specific common ancestors for any group will generally depend more upon conventional "paper" genealogy than upon additional DNA testing.    
   
   
To the extent that there are mistakes in the groupings, we have tried to err on the side of inclusiveness by using selection criteria broader than those employed by many other surname-tracing projects. In technical terms, we view a false negative as worse than a false positive, so we prefer to err toward the latter. One implication is that some of this project's Groups will almost surely lose members -- or even "break down" -- if all their members should eventually upgrade from 12 to 25 or more markers. Such outcomes are most probable for Groups equal or close to the so-called "Atlantic Modal Haplotype" (AMH), as for example Group Nos. 5, 15, 18, 20, 56, 59, 87, 88 and 89. For more information on the AMH issue, see the discussion under Group No. 20.    
   
   
 
 
       
Criteria for Determining Relationship Groups:        
   
For Haplogroup R1b and its subclades: Members must match 12/12 on the first 12 markers, at least 23/25 on the first 25 markers, or at least 33/37 on the first 37 markers.  
     
For all other Haplogroups: Members must match at least 11/12 on the first 12 markers, at least 22/25 on the first 25 markers, or at least 33/37 on the first 37 markers.  
   
   
     
Note on Modal Values within Groups: In cases where a specific marker's modal value is undefined, a value is substituted from among the modal values for all project members with the same haplogroup.    
   
     
   
Color coding for Haplogroups:    
   
Green = haplogroup proven by independent SNP test                                  
Red = haplogroup inferred from STR's with high confidence (no SNP test)        
Blue = haplogroup inferred from STR's with medium to low confidence (no SNP test)    
Black = haplogroup presented with unknown confidence (SNP status not known)  
   
For more information on haplogroups, click here.        
         
For other parts of this website, click here.          
       
     
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RESULTS  TABLES  FOR  RELATIONSHIP  GROUPS NO. 100 THROUGH 109    
(The STR Markers with Orange Headings are believed to change or "mutate" more rapidly than the others.)  
   
Kit No. Name H                                     STR Marker Names (DNA Y-Chromosome Short Tandem Repeats or "DYS")
a     3                                                                                                                                
p     9                                                                                                                                
l     4                                                                                                                                
o                                                     G                         3 3                                                    
g     o             3   3                             A Y Y                     9 9         4                                          
r     r   3 3       8   8   4 4             4 4 4 4   T C C         C C         5 5         0     4 4                                  
o 3 3   3 8 8 4 3 4 9 3 9 4 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 6 6 6 4 A A A 4 6 5 5 D D 4 4 5 5 S S 5 5 6 4 6 5 4 1 1 5 5 4 4 5 4 4 4 5 4 6 5 4 5 6 4 5
u 9 9 1 9 5 5 2 8 3 - 9 - 5 9 9 5 5 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 H 2 2 5 0 7 7 Y Y 4 3 3 7 1 1 9 3 4 7 S 1 2 3 3 5 9 3 9 3 5 4 8 2 4 1 6 8 7 4 9 6
p 3 0 9 1 a b 6 8 9 1 2 2 8 a b 5 4 7 7 8 9 a b c d 0 4 a b 6 7 6 0 a b 2 8 1 8 a b 0 7 1 2 1 1 5 a b 7 4 6 0 4 0 4 1 0 6 7 8 7 2 0 2 5
       
Group No. 100                                                                                                                                        
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group I1 13 23 14 10 13 15 11 13 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 19 28 11 14 14 16 10 10 19 21 14 14 17 19 34 37 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 10 8 9 10 12 22 24 12 10 12 12 16 8 13 25 20 13 13 11 12 11 11 12 11
145125 Wiilliam Hedrick Brown I1 13 23 14 10 13 15 11 13 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 19 28 11 14 14 16 10 10 19 21 14 14 17 19 34 37 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 10 8 9 10 12 22 24 12 10 12 12 16 8 13 26 20 13 13 11 12 11 11 12 11
N42784 Paul Preston Brown I1 13 23 14 10 13 15 11 13 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 19 28 11 14 14 16 10 10 19 21 14 14 17 19 36 37 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 10 8 9 10 12 22 24 12 10 12 12 16 8 13 25 20 13 13 11 12 11 11 12 11
       
           
Group No. 101                                                                                                                                        
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 25 15 11 11 15 11 12 11 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 16 17 11 11 19 23 16 15 17 18 35 37 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 11 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 14 8 12 23 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
143704 Robert Hugh Brown (#2) R1b1a2 13 25 15 10 11 15 11 12 11 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 16 17 11 11 19 23 16 15 17 18 35 37 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 11 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 14 8 12 23 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
134417 James William Brown (#2) R1b1a2 13 25 15 11 11 15 11 12 11 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 16 17 11 11 19 23 16 15 17 18 35 37 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 11 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 14 8 12 23 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
       
Group No. 102                                                                                                                                        
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 17 18 11 11 19 24 17 14 18 16 37 38 12 12                                                            
144980 Mark T. Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 17 18 11 11 19 24 17 14 18 16 37 38 12 12                                                            
000000 Anonymous Brown***** R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 30                                                                                                              
B1303 Max Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 17 18 11 11 19 24 17 14 18 16 37 38 12 12                                       11     12              
Note: The "Anonymous Brown" in this group is a man tested by FTDNA who hasn't yet joined the Brown DNA Study. He is also listed below in Group No. 106 since if he ever should upgrade, he might match either Group No. 102 or Group No. 106 (but almost surely not both).  
     
     
       
Group No. 103                                                                                                                                        
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group G 14 22 15 10 14 14 11 13 12 12 11 29 16 8 9 11 11 23 16 22 34 12 13 13 14 10 11 20 20 15 13 16 18 36 37 11 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 10 14 21 22 14 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 22 20 12 11 13 11 11 11 11
16533 Robby Lynn Brown  G 14 22 15 10 14 14 11 13 12 12 11 29 16 8 9 11 11 23 16 22 34 12 13 13 14 10 11 20 20 15 13 16 18 36 37 11 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 10 14 22 22 14 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 22 20 12 11 13 11 11 11 11
148419 Richard Allen Brown #1 G 14 22 15 10 14 14 11 13 12 12 11 29 16 8 9 11 11 23 16 22 34 12 13 13 14 10 11 20 20 15 13 16 18 36 37 11 10                                                            
198382 (Mr.) Renee L. Brown G 14 22 15 10 14 14 11 13 12 12 11 29 16 8 9 11 11 23 16 22 34 12 13 13 14 10 11 20 20 15 13 16 18 35 37 11 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 10 14 21 22 14 10 12 12 14 8 12 22 22 20 12 11 13 11 11 11 11
147158 William Hutcheson 'Bill' Brown  G 14 22 15 10 14 14 11 13 12 12 11 29 16 8 9 11 11 23 16 22 33 12 13 13 14 10 11 20 20 15 13 16 18 36 37 11 10                                                            
         
Group No. 104                                                                                                                                        
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 15 12 12 12 14 13 30 15 9 10 10 12 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 16 15 19 17 35 40 12 10                                                            
138555 Barto A. Browning  R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 15 12 12 12 14 13 30 15 9 10 10 12 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 16 15 19 17 35 40 12 10                                                            
000000 Anonymous Browning***** R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 15 12 12 12 14 13 30                                                                                                              
147066 James Clinton Browning R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 15 12 12 12 14 13 30 15 9 10 10 12 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 16 15 19 17 35 40 12 10                                                            
204128 Mack T. Browning R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 15 12 14 12 14 13 30 15 9 10 10 12 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 16 15 19 17 35 41 12 10                                                            
000000 Anonymous Browning***** R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 15 12 14 12 14 13 30 15 9 10 10 12 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17                                                                                    
K9NEP** Gordon K. Browning R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 15 12 14 12 13 13 29 15     10 12 25   19 30 15 15 17 17 11 10 19 23               10                                                            
Note 1: Although no. K9NEP has a different numerical value for the 12th marker, it's not considered a genetic difference since the value of    
since the value of the 10th marker (DYS 389-1) is "embedded" in the value of the 12th marker (DYS 389-2).    
         
Note 2: The "Anonymous Brownings" in Group No. 104 are two men tested by FTDNA who haven't joined the Brown DNA Study.    
         
Group No. 105                                                                                                                                        
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group I1 13 22 14 10 13 14 11 14 12 12 11 28 14 8 9 8 11 24 16 20 30 12 15 16 16 10 10 19 21 14 14 16 19 34 37 12 10                                                            
2715 Kenneth Clyde Brown  I1 13 22 14 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 14 8 10 8 11 24 16 20 30 12 15 16 16 10 10 19 21 14 14 16 19 34 37 12 10                                                            
000000 Anonymous Brown***** I1 13 22 14 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 28                                                                                                              
N57751 Stephen Donald 'Steve' Brown  I1 13 22 14 10 13 14 11 14 12 12 11 28 14 8 9 8 11 24 16 20 30 12 15 16 16 10 10 19 21 15 14 16 17 34 37 13 10                                                            
N52294 James Eedy Brown  I1 13 22 14 10 13 15 11 14 12 12 11 28                                                                                                              
000000 Anonymous Browns***** I1 13 22 14 10 13 14 11 14 12 12 11 28                                                                                                              
Note: The "Anonymous Browns" listed last in this group are four men tested by FTDNA who haven't yet joined the Brown DNA Study. They are also listed above in Group No. 8, as as is no. N91688, since upgrading to 25 or 37 markers might show that one or more of these men matches that Group rather than Group No. 105.  
 
 
 
Group No. 106                                                                                                                                        
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2a1a1b4 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 15 16 17 17 11 10 19 23 16 17 18 19 36 39 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 22 23 15 11 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 14 12 11 13 12 11 12 11
125138 James (nmn) Brown  R1b1a2a1a1b4 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 15 16 17 17 11 10 19 23 16 17 18 19 36 39 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 22 23 15 11 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 14 12 11 13 12 11 12 11
125139 Roderick Angus 'Rory' Brown R1b1a2a1a1b4 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 15 16 17 17 11 10 19 23 16 17 18 19 36 39 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 22 23 15 11 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 14 12 11 13 12 11 12 11
156505 Greig Brown  R1b1a2a1a1b4 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 30 18 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 11 12 19 24 15 14 18 18 37 38 12 12                                                            
000000 Anonymous Brown***** R1b1a2a1a1b4 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 30                                                                                                              
Note 1: The "Anonymous Brown" here has been tested by FTDNA but hasn't yet joined the Brown project. He is also listed above in Group No.102 since if he ever should upgrade, he might match either Group No. 102 or no. 106 (but almost surely not both).  
 
 
Note 2: It's not likely that nos. 125138-39 are closely related to no. 156505, as shown by the mismatches on markers 13 thru 37. So "Anonymous" holds this group together, because an upgrade might show either that he matches nos. 125138-39, or that he matches no. 156505. But he won't match both, nor is it likely that he could form a "bridge" between them.  
 
 
   
Group No. 107                                                                                                                                        
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 13 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 15 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 16 16 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 19 33 38 13 12                                                            
N55439 Jonathan Michael Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 13 14 12 12 12 13 13 29                                                                                                              
228917 Ashby Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 13 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 20 17 11 11 19 23 15 15 17 17 37 38 13 12                                                            
207128 Robert James Brown #2 R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 13 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 20 17 11 11 19 23 15 15 17 17 37 38 13 12                                                            
222042 C. J. Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 13 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 20 17 11 11 19 23 15 15 17 17 37 38 13 12                                                            
279619 M. Richard Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 13 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 15 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 30 15 16 16 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 16 33 38 13 12                                                            
216102 T. C. Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 13 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 15 9 10 11 11 27 15 19 30 15 16 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 19 33 38 13 12                                                            
134861 Michael H. Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 13 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 15 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 30 15 16 16 16 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 19 33 38 13 12                                                            
134862 Randy Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 13 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 15 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 30 15 16 16 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 19 33 38 13 12                                                            
26908 Alvin E. Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 13 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 15 9 10 11 11 27 15 19 30 15 16 16 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 19 33 38 13 11                                                            
Note: It appears that nos. 207128, 222042 & 228917 aren't closely related to the last five men listed in Group No. 107. But they are included here tentatively because if no. N55439 ever should upgrade to 37 markers, he might match them, he might match the last four men, or he might serve as a bridge between 207128/222042/228917 and the last four.  
 
 
 
Group No. 108                                                                                                                                        
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group I2b1 14 23 15 10 14 16 11 13 11 14 12 32 14 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 16 11 10 19 21 14 14 16 18 38 39 12 10                                                            
N21617 Edward Francis Brown  I2b1 14 23 15 10 13 16 11 13 11 14 12 32 14 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 16 10 10 19 21 14 14 16 18 38 39 12 10                                                            
35845 John Philip Braun  I2b1 14 23 15 10 14 16 11 13 11 14 12 32 14 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 16 11 10 19 21 14 14 16 18 38 39 12 10 12 8 16 16 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 21 21 15 11 12 12 14 9 14 26 20 12 13 12 12 12 12 12 11
000000 Anonymous Brauns***** I2b1 14 23 15 10 14 16 11 13 11 14 12 32                                                                                                              
Note: The "Anonymous Brauns" in this group are three men tested by FTDNA who haven't yet joined the Brown DNA Study.
 
Group No. 109                                                                                                                                        
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 13 13 15 29 18 9 10 11 11 26 14 18 28 15 15 17 17 10 10 19 23 15 15 18 17 37 38 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 11 8 10 10 12 23 25 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 23 20 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
136538 Harold Buddy Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 13 13 15 29 18 9 10 11 11 26 14 18 28 15 15 17 17 10 10 19 23 15 15 18 17 37 38 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 11 8 10 10 12 23 25 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 23 20 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
112626 Jason Eric Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 13 13 15 29 18 9 10 11 11 26 14 18 28 15 15 17 17 10 10 19 23 15 15 18 17 37 38 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 11 8 10 10 12 23 25 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 23 20 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
 
 
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*  A deceased test participant.  
       
**  Y-Search No. used for member not tested by FTDNA.            
       
***  Indicates "null" or no result. Such cases are retested multiple times to confirm. The underlying science is still unsettled as to when these readings are caused by true deletions, as opposed to being caused by imperfect testing techniques. Regardless of cause, however, mutations that lead to null readings are normally passed to descendants just as are other mutations, meaning that related male lineages such as a father and his son will usually share a null value. Therefore a null value can generally be as useful as any other value for genealogical purposes.  
 
 
 
   
**** Ancestral name used instead of participant's name.    
   
***** Indicates a Brown-surnamed man tested by FTDNA who hasn't yet joined the Brown DNA Study Indicates a Brown-, Braun-  or Browning-surnamed man tested by FTDNA who hasn't yet joined the Brown DNA Study.    
     
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INFORMATION ON HAPLOGROUPS:      
     
Haplogroup E1b1b (formerly E3b)      
     
Haplogroup G      
     
Haplogroup I and subclades      
     
Haplogroup J and subclades      
     
Haplogroup R1a      
     
Haplogroup R1b and subclades    
   
   
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